What is Electrical Charge?


There are two types of electrical charge

  • Positive charge
  • Negative charge
  • The charge carried by proton is positive charge whereas the charge carried by the electron is negative charge. 
  • The magnitude of electrical charge on proton and electron is same. 
  • The body gets negative charge if it gains charge whereas the body gets positive charge if it loses electron. 
  • The opposite charge repel each other whereas the similar charge attract each other. The SI unit of charge is coulomb. 
  • An electron has negative charge of magnitude 1.6 × 10 – 19 C whereas the proton has positive charge of 1.6 × 10 – 19 C.  
  • When a glass rod rubbed with cotton cloth, the charge acquired by glass is positive charge.

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