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Direct Coupled Amplifier

Why is it called as direct coupling?

  • The output of the first stage is connected to input of the second stage without any coupling device therefore it is called as direct coupling amplifier.
Circuit Diagram

  • The circuit diagram of three stage direct coupled amplifier is shown in the Figure. 
  • It consists of three back to back connections of NPN transistor and PNP transistor. 
  • The collector output of the first NPN transistor is connected to the input of the PNP transistor. 
  • Similarly the collector output of the PNP transistor is connected to the input of the NPN transistor. 
  • The coupling transformer and capacitor is not used at the output otherwise the amplifier becomes bulky at low frequencies.



  • The weak ac signal is applied at the base of the NPN transistor, this signal is amplified and output is available at the collector terminal of the NPN transistor. 
  • The amplified output voltage is available at the base of the PNP transistor. 
  • The output of the PNP transistor is available at the collector load.


  • Circuit design is very simple because it requires minimum use of resistors
  • Low cost due to absence of coupling capacitor and coupling transformer


  • The operating point may be shifted due to temperature variations which lead to distortion in the output waveform
  • This amplifier cannot be used for high frequencies applications.


  • Low frequencies applications such as photo electric current, thermal electrical current

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