Hydrogen Fuel Cell Train in India


  • The Indian Railways Organization for Alternate Fuels ( IROAF ) has invited bids to develop for hydrogen fuel cell based hybrid power train for retrofitting the 700 HP diesel hydraulic locomotives running on the Kalka – Shimla narrow gauge in Himachal Pradesh. 
  • The scope of work will cover design, supply, retro fitment, testing, and validation, prove out, field trials, fuel cell and battery based power stack modules, hydrogen storage and associated equipment and supervision work for retro fitment on the diesel hydraulic locomotive. 
  • The total energy requirement for up and down trips on actual driving cycle is 1556 kWh and 1170 kWh respectively. 
  • The power train consists of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell as primary energy source and battery bank as secondary energy source. 
  • It must meet with peak power requirement.  
  • The energy management should be designed such that the state of charge of battery remains the same from the state of the cycle to the end. 
  • The Indian Railway has been pursuing clean technology solution to become net zero emission by 2030.

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