E-waste Management or Technologies


E-waste Management OR Technologies

Meaning of E-waste

  • E-waste means waste electrical and electronics equipment, whole or part or reject from their manufacturing and repair process which are discarded

Recycling unit

  • It is a unit which is engaged in recycling or reproducing of used electrical and electronics equipment or their components

E-waste Management: List of electrical and electronics equipment under E-waste

Information and telecommunication equipment

  • Centralized data processing
  • Main frame
  • Mini computer
  • Personal laptops
  • Laptop computers
  • Notebook computers
  • Notepad computers
  • Printers including cartridges
  • Copying equipment
  • Electrical and electronics typewriters
  • User terminal and systems
  • Telex
  • Telephone
  • Cordless telephone
  • Cellular telephone
  • Answering systems

Consumer Electrical and Electronics

  • Television set including LCD AND LED technology
  • Refrigerator
  • Washing machine
  • Air conditioners excluding centralized AC plants
  • Fluorescent and other Mercury containing lamps
  • Screen, Electronic Photo frames, Electronic Display Panel, Monitors
  • Radio sets
  • Set top Boxes
  • Video Cameras
  • Video Recorders
  • Hi-Fi Recorders
  • Audio Amplifiers
  • Equipment of recording or reproducing sound or images including signals and other technologies for the distribution of sound and image by telecommunications
  • Solar panels/cells, solar Photovoltaic panels/cells/modules.
  • Luminaires for fluorescent lamps except for luminaires in households
  • High intensity discharge lamps
  • Low pressure sodium lamps
  • Digital camera

Large and Small Electrical and Electronic Equipment

  • Large cooling appliances
  • Freezers
  • Large appliances used for refrigeration, conservation and storage of food
  • Clothes dryers
  • Dish Washing Machines
  • Electric cookers
  • Electric stoves
  • Electric hot plates
  • Microwaves, Microwave Oven
  • Appliances used for cooking and other processing of food
  • Electric heating appliances
  • Electric radiators
  • Appliances for heating rooms, beds, seating furniture
  • Electric fans
  • Vacuum cleaners
  • Carpet sweepers
  • Other appliances for cleaning
  • Appliances used for sewing, knitting, weaving and other processing for textiles
  • Iron and other appliances for ironing, mangling and other care of clothing
  • Grinders, coffee machines and equipment for opening or sealing containers or packages
  • Smoke detector
  • Heating Regulators
  • Thermostats
  • Automatic dispensers for hot drinks
  • Automatic dispensers for hot or cold bottles or cans
  • Automatic dispensers for solid products
  • Automatic dispensers for money
  • All appliances which deliver automatically all kinds of products
  • Indoor air purifier
  • Hair dryer
  • Electric shaver
  • Electric kettle
  • Electronic display panels/board/visual display unit
  • Electrical and Electronic Tools
  • Drills
  • Saws
  • Sewing machines
  • Milling, Sanding, Grinding, Cutting, Shearing, Drilling, making holes, Punching and

Toys, Leisure and Sports Equipment

  • Electrical trains or car racing sets
  • Hand-held video games consoles
  • Video games
  • Computers for biking, diving, running, rowing, etc.
  • Sports equipment with electric or electronic components
  • Coin slot machines

Medical Devices (With the Exception of All Implanted and Infected Products)

  • Radiotherapy equipment and accessories
  • Cardiology equipment and accessories
  • Dialysis equipment and accessories
  • Pulmonary ventilators and accessories
  • Nuclear medicine equipment and accessories
  • MRI, PET scanner, CT scanner
  • All medical devices with includes electrical and electronics accessories

E-waste in India

  • According to central pollution control board, India has generated 10 lakh tonnes of e-waste in 2019-20 which was 7 lakh tonnes in 2017 – 18. According to ASSOCHAM-EY report, electronic waste is estimated 5 million tonnes in 2021.
  • E - Parisaraa Pvt. Ltd, Bengaluru, India’s first Government authorized electronic waste recycler started operations from September 2005 is engaged in handling, recycling and reusing of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) in ecofriendly way.

Related Video: https://youtu.be/HzuXQUD9Rkg

E-waste Management technologies

The following entities shall register on the following portal.

1.    Manufacturer

Responsibilities of manufacturer

  • Register on portal
  • Collect e-waste generated during manufacturing of any electrical and electronics equipment and ensuring recycling or disposal
  • File annual and quarterly returns on the portal

Responsibilities of producer

  • Register on portal
  • creating awareness through media, publications, advertisements, posters or by any other means of communication
  • File annual and quarterly returns on the portal

Responsibilities of Refurbisher

  • Register on portal
  • Collect e-waster generated during the process of refurbishing and hand over the waster to registered recycler and upload on the portal
  • File annual and quarterly returns on the portal

Responsibilities of recycler

  • Register on portal
  • Ensure that the facility and recycling processes are in accordance with the standards or guidelines laid down by the Central Pollution Control Board
  • Accept waste electrical and electronic equipment or components and uploaded on the portal
  • Ensure that the fractions or material not recycled in its facility is sent to respective registered recycler
  • Ensure that residue generated during recycling process is disposed of in an authorized treatment storage disposal facility`
  • Maintain record of e-waste collected, dismantled, recycled and sent to registered recycler on the portal
  • File annual and quarterly returns
  • Create awareness through media, publications, advertisements, posters or by such other means of communication
  • Upload information about any non-recyclable e-waste or any quantity which is not recycled and disposed
  • Take help of dismantlers for recycling purposes

You may also like to read these articles also

Transmission Line Map of India

Daily Renewable Energy Generation

How to Reduce Third Harmonic Mitigation?

Effect of Harmonic on Power Factor



No comments:

Post a Comment