31 March 2017

Class A Commutation ( Current Commutation or Self Commutation or Resonance Commutation )

  • The commutating components L and C are used in order to turn off the SCR. 
  • When the load resistance of very small value is used, the inductor L and capacitor C are connected in series with load. 
  • Similarly the load resistance of high value is used; the load resistance is connected across capacitor
  • The value of L and C are selected that the circuit becomes under damped. 
  • The current attains zero value at point A as shown in the figure B.
  • As the SCR T1 is turned on, the charging of capacitor is done through supply voltage Vdc
  • The polarity of capacitor is shown in the figure A. 
  • When a capacitor charges up to Vdc voltage, the current passing through inductor L reverses.  
  • As the inductor current becomes less than the holding current of the SCR T1, the SCR T1 is turned off. 
  • The turned off time of SCR depends upon resonance frequency of the circuit which depends upon commutating components L and C.
  • The class A commutation is also called as self - commutation and it is used in the series inverter.  
  • The class A commutation is used for up to 1 kHz frequency because the cost of circuit increases due to higher rating of inductor L and capacitor C at low frequency.

  • class-a-commutation.jpg


waveform-of-class-a-commutation.png




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