28/03/2020

Design of DC Machines Interview Question Answer - 9



121
What should be voltage limit for adjacent commutator segments at no load and full load?


The voltage limit for adjacent commutator segments at no load is limited up to 15 V and it is about 30 V at full load.

122
Which are the factors to be considered while selecting number of armature slots?


Factors to be considered for armature slots
  • Flux pulsation
  • Cooling of armature conductors
  • Mechanical difficulties
  • Commutation


123
Describe the effect of number of slots on the cooling of armature conductor.


Number of armature slots
  • If there are large number of slots for a given armature diameter, number of conductors per slot is less. 
  • Therefore the cooling condition is better for large number of armature slots.


124
Describe the effect of number of slots on the pulsating losses.


Number of slots – Pulsating losses
  • The air gap flux due to number of slots give rise to eddy current losses in the pole faces and produces magnetic noise.
  • As the number of slots increase, noise level of the machine and pole face losses are reduced.


125
Why the current density of the armature conductor should be selected high?


Current density – Armature conductor
  • The size of conductor reduces for higher value of current density for a given current.
  • This will reduce cost of armature copper conductor.
  • As the size of conductor reduces, the slot area requires for the conductor also reduces. 
  •  Therefore the shallow slots give better commutation condition.


126
Which are the factors to be considered while deciding the slot size?


Factors to be considered for slot size
  • Reactance voltage
  • Mechanical difficulties
  • Eddy current loss
  • Flux pulsation
  • Excessive flux density


127
Describe the effect of slot opening on the flux pulsation in the DC machine.


The wide open slot produces higher flux pulsation than the narrow open slot. This will cause iron losses and poor commutation condition therefore it is preferred that the slot open width is not so wide.

128
Describe the importance of depth of slot.


Depth of slot
  • As the depth of slot increases, the specific permeance becomes high. This will result in high reactance voltage.


129
What should be limit for slot depth to slot width in the DC machine?


Slot depth to width
  • As the reactance voltage increases, the slot depth to slot width in the non inter polar machine is limited to 4.
  • The deeper slots are allowed in the inter polar machines because inter pole produces commutating field which compensate reactance voltage.


130
On which factors the heights of the pole depends in DC machines?


The height of the pole depends upon mmf required for the pole and yoke at full load.

131
Comment : The shunt field winding and series field winding occupies same space in the compound machine.


The series field winding occupies only 20% space whereas the shunt field winding occupies 80% space in the compound machine.

132
Describe the different types of resistance during commutation?


Resistance during commutation
  • Brush contact resistance
  • Resistance between commutator segments
  • Resistance of risers
  • Armature coil resistance


133
Whether the statically or dynamically induced emf during process of commutation?


Therefore are following emfs produce during commutation.
Statically induced emf
  • This emf is produced because of the winding coil has self inductance owing to slot leakage and overhang leakage.

Dynamically induced emf
  • The effect of armature reaction produces the field at brush axis. This emf is called as dynamically induced emf.


134
Explain the term : Linear or Straight line commutation


Linear commutation
  • If the brush contact resistance is kept very high, the current in the coil follows straight line commutation.
  • It means that the current reversal complete in the commutation time.


135
Explain the term : Delay time


Delay time
  • It is time elapses between start of commutation between two adjacent armature coils.





You may also like :

No comments:

Post a comment