Hole Current

What is hole current?
  • The missing electron in the crystal structure is called as hole. 
  • The conduction of current due to missing electrons is called as hole current. 
  • The covalent bonds in the semi conductor material breaks resulting some free electrons are generated. 
  • The free electrons generate current under electrical field. When a covalent bond is broken due to thermal energy, electron moves. 
  • The hole is missing electron in the covalent bond. 
  • As an electron missing in atomic structure, it has positive charge. Therefore we can say that hole has positive charge. 
  • Every missing electron leaves behind valence or hole. 
  • Therefore the electrical field creates electron – hole pairs. 
  • The hole current is due to movement of electron from one covalent bond to another covalent bond.

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